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Virginia was the scene of more battles in the civil war than all other states combined. While in Virginia we were able to visit several of them. Rather than making a page for each one, this page is a summary of those, other than Appomattox Courthouse, where it all came to a close. You will also find a separate page for Gettysburg, since it too was very important in that part of our history. I believe that for us to understand who we are as Americans, we must also understand where we have come from. The great Civil War was one of the keys to that knowledge. Nearly 10% of all American men living then died in that war.

The origional marker for the First Battle of Bull Run.

While the first shot of the war was in Charleston, SC, the first major battle took place near Manassas, VA. The battle was on a small creek known as Bull Run and was located between Washington, DC and Richmond, the capitol of the Confederacy. One year later there was another major battle in the same area, with the two battlefields actually overlapping. That area is today preserved in memory of the many brave soldiers on both sides who died there.

Bull Run monument to the Confederate unknown dead. A scene on Bull Run, the creek that twice ran red with blood from the soldiers. Monument at Bull Run to the Union dead.

To see this place one could easily spend a full day, but the summers are very hot and humid so take plenty of water. The battle area is quite large and there is a driving tour as well as several walking tours of smaller areas. The park service does not own all of the area, but only the scenes of the most intense fighting.

Monument to, and home of the widow Henery who refused to leave despite being at the center of the confederate lines in the first battle. There are story boards throughout the park that tell the history that happened here. This house was occupied by union troops as a command center in the second battle.

The park tells the story of the people who lived here during the battles as well as the story of the battles and the men who fought here. The widow Henery stayed in her house and lived to tell the story. And a young Union soldier took time to carve his name in the wood of the floor in the stone house.

The carved name of one Union soldier. The museum and park headquarters at Manassas Natl. Monument. Monument to Gen. Stonewall Jackson, who made his name here in the first battle.

Another site that we visited was that of the Battle of New Market, where the cadets from Virginia Military Institute were pressed into battle to avoid defeat.

The sign at New Market and click on it to see the museum building. A view of the main battle field from the bluffs above. Our tour of the battlefield was led by a park ranger in the uniform of a Union soldier.

This is a fairly small historic site and can be seen easily in two to three hours. The small museum is quite good. It is located in New Market, VA.

Field artillery in action display in the museum. This was known as the The battle flag of the cadets from VMI.

Another site we discovered was Ft. Johnson which protected a small pass through the mountains to West Virginia that was known as Ramsey's Draft.

The sign that marks the site of Ft. Johnson. The remains of the brestworks where troops were stationed to protect the road. This small park marks the entrance to Ramsey's Draft.

The site has the usual story boards but it also has a series of boards that reproduce the letters home from a young soldier who served there.

One of the story board signs located around the site. The view down Ramsey's Draft, looking west. Sheperd Prior, who's letters are displayed at the site. Click on his picture to read the first letter.

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